| Sacred Birman are medium in size and
are semi-longhaired cats. The solid rather elongated body is carried on strong
legs with rounded paws, which should not be too high. The Birman is rather
low on legs.
The head of the Birman is slightly longer than broad, has full cheeks and a
The nose is straight, medium long, which means not too short, and shows a
gentle indentation at its base. In some organizations a Roman profile is
desired. One can see such a profile more often in Birmans originating from
France. In general the head is not described very detailled, but one will
notice the rounded full cheeks immedeately and the quite "sweet" expression
of the face.
The ears are not very large, open at their base, not too pointed and are set
rather wide apart.
The eyes are large and almost round. Their dark blue very intensive colour
The coat is semi-long, it is silky to touch, and does not have too much
undercoat. The colour of the coat is a pale eggshell, and shows a golden
shine on its back. In winter the cats have a very nice frill. The Birman is
a pointed cat, i.e. colour is restricted only to the face (called mask), the
ears, the legs and the tail.
The tail is longer, and looks like a plume.
The feature, which makes a Birman so unique, are the absolutely white paws,
called gloves. The gloves on the front paws shall not extend beyond
the metacarpal, on the hindlegs the gloves shall not extend beyond the hock.
On the backside of the hindlegs the gloves end in a point (called
gauntlets), which is very characteristique for the Birman. In the ideal case
the gloves shall be as symmetrical as possible.
Birmans in cream and tortie point
Owner Angelika Weiss
Birman litter: lilac point, cream point, blue tortie point
from the left to the right
Breeder Angelika Weiss
Birman sealpoint, FIN* Tamus cattery
Breeder Tanja Luoma
Birman seal tabbypoint, Canth's cattery
Birman blue point, White Gloves cattery
Sacred Birmans exist in the following colours, but all have
those striking dark blue eyes:
||The colour of the points is a very dark
brown colour (which is called "seal").
||The colour of the points is blue-grey.
||The colour of the points is chocolate and
should not be too dark.
Frequently one can see white spectacles around the eyes, which is
||The colour of the points has a greyish
colour tone, which has a pink tinge, and is rather pale.
||The colour of the points is an orange
It is very likely that the front legs are paler and show rings.
||The colour of the points is a pale cream.
In general those cats look very light.
|seal tortie point
||The dark brown colour of the points is
patched with orange patches.
Frequently those cats have an orange blaze, starting on the upper part
of the nose
and extending to the forehead. They are quite attractive cats.
|blue tortie point
||The blue-cream pointed cat is the diluted
opposite to the Sealtortie. The blue-grey colour of the points is
patched with very pale cream patches.
A delicate colour.
|chocolate tortie point
||The chocolate colour of the points is
patched with paler orange patches.
|lilac tortie point
||The pale greyish colour of the points is
patched with very pale cream patches.
All those colours also exist with stripes, and are called Tabbypoint.
- seal tabbypoint, blue tabbypoint
- chocolate tabbypoint, lilac tabbypoint
- red tabbypoint, cream tabbypoint
- seal tortie tabbypoint, blue tortie tabbypoint
- chocolate tortie tabbypoint, lilac tortie tabbypoint.
The term "tortie" means that the cat is patched with red or cream
Usually the colours in the pointed cats are named with English terms.
The term "point" means that the colour is restricted only to the
face, the ears, the legs and the tail, whereas the body is almost white -
mostly the colour is not a pure white colour, but a pale eggshell.
The Tabbypoints had been bred many years ago by outcrosses to silver shaded
and chinchilla Persians, because those are genetically tabby cats, however,
one cannot see the tabby pattern in Chinchillas.
Birman blue tabbypoint, White Gloves cattery
There are lots of legends around the Birman. It is said that there lived
once a priest in the mountains of Lugh, many centuries ago. This priest had a
long golden beard, which the god Song-Hio had braided. The priest had
dedicated his life to the godess Tsun-Kyan-Kse, who had deep blue eyes like
sapphires and who permitted devouted souls to transmigrate into holy
animals. The favorite cat of the priest was Sinh, a white cat with golden
yellow eyes and so dark brown ears, nose, legs and tail like the earth. One
night the temple was robbed and the priest was murdered. Sinh, the cat
mourned sitting at his head, and the miracle happened. The back of the white
cat suddenly became golden, and his golden yellow eyes became blue like the
The paws touching his dead master remained pure white thus symbolizing
In the legend the soul of a dead monk transmigrates from now on into the
body of a cat. The loyal Sinh was in such a deep grief about his dead master
that he died on the seventh day. Since that time all the temple cats had a
golden yellow back like a golden mantle and their golden yellow eyes turned
to sapphire blue.
Some say that the Birmans had been imported into Europe from south east Asia
in 1916 ("Sacred cats of Burma"). In 1925 the Sacred Birman was recognized by
the Fédération Féline Française, the foundation member
of FIFe. Almost all Birman cats trace their origine from the French Birmans.
In 1959 the first Birmans were exported to the US, and in 1965 to England.
they were recognized by CFA.
Alegro v. Alinarhani,
Breeder Angelika Weiss
The character of the Birman is very equilibrated and friendly. They are
very affectionated to humans and love to be their companions. They like to
cuddle and love it to be hugged and to get attention. They greatly
appreciate companionship and also like young children. They give the
impression of quiet power accompanied with harmony through their pensive and
expressive blue eyes.
Birmans are very easy to care for. Their silky coat does not mate and has
no tendency to show knots. Their coat sheds very little. They need
rather little grooming, but they love it to be brushed.